Effect of Alkyl Chain Length and Number of 2-Hydroxyethyl Groups on Drag Reduction Behaviors of Quaternary Ammonium Salt-type Cationic Surfactant Solutions
Teruo HORIUCHI*, Toru YOSHII, Toshiaki MAJIMA, Takamitsu TAMURA and Hitoshi SUGAWARA†
Material Science Research Center, Lion Corporation; 13-12, Hirai 7-Chome, Edogawa-ku, Tokyo 132-0035 Japan
† Chemical Research Laboratories, Lion Corporation; 13-12, Hirai 7-Chome, Edogawa-ku, Tokyo 132-0035 Japan
Effect of chemical structure on drag reduction behaviors of quaternary ammonium salt cationic surfactant solutions in the presence of sodium salicylate (NaSal) was investigated in terms of 1) alkyl chain length and 2) number of 2-hydroxyethyl groups. From the present investigation, we can draw the following conclusions;
1) Increasing in alkyl chain length in the quaternary ammonium salt in the presence of NaSal increased the maximum temperature at which drag reduction can be sustained.
2) The presence of the double bond in alkyl chain had a significant effect on lower temperature drag reduction limit.
3) The DR effect of HMODA complexed with NaSal, which was replaced the methyl groups in TMODA with two 2-hydroxyethyl groups, gave better drag reduction in the wide temperature range 6--60 °C.
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